Larnaca which we know now wasn’t always Larnaca. Around the 12th century BC there was built the important ancient city-Kingdom of Kition. Kition was one of the centres of Phoenician and Mycenaean civilizations. The Mycenaean Greeks had built a huge wall and the complex of five temple, including the temple of the goddess of fertility Estate. After leaving Kition, the Mycenaeans went into decline and then revived with the arrival of Phoenicians on the island. The Phoenicians brought with them a developed craft, Maritime Commerce and their rich culture. Entire trading ships began to arrive in the harbour of Kition with the goods and leave with copper. After several centuries of reign island was conquered first the Persians and then Alexander the great himself.
In the 7th century Kition was almost destroyed by the raids of Arabs. And with the arrival of merchants from Genoa city was again transformed. Since the purpose of merchants was the extraction of salt from Salt lakes Kition was renamed Salina . But the name Larnaca, the town got during the reign of the Ottoman Empire. Larnaca in Greek means “tomb”. Continue reading
Scientists were convinced of the correctness of Strabo: a few birds that approached the “gates of hell”, was killed in front of them
A portal leading to the realm of the dead or the gates of Pluto, who in Roman mythology was the ruler of the underworld, managed to find Italian archaeologists, reports Discovery. About the discovery, archaeologists announced in March at a conference held in Istanbul. According to scientists, the discovery was made during excavations of the ruins of Hierapolis, an ancient Phrygian city, located in southwestern Turkey.
Excavations were carried out by a team of archaeologists under the leadership of Salento, Francesco d ‘ Andria, a Professor of classical archaeology. He said that “the gates of hell”, archaeologists were able to detect, reconstructed the route of a thermal spring.
Ancient people believed the gate of Pluto entering the realm of the dead. They described this place as a mysterious cave, which was filled with poisonous air. And its size was big enough to through cordoned-off entrance there could get. “This space is completely filled with a dense fog, because of which it is impossible to see the ground. Continue reading
Black diggers has been intensified in recent times in the territory Trostenetskaya the death camps. This was reported today to journalists the head of the Department of archaeology of the Middle ages and modern times of the Institute of history, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus Vadim Koshman . BelTA reports.
“The tract blagovschina, where they were shot about 150 thousand people, lately began to attract more black diggers. Usually they are looking for gold teeth and jewelry. I just find it hard to imagine that educated people took a shovel and went to dig the grave for the sake of personal belongings of the deceased. Besides the fact that it is an affront to historical memory, it is also a criminal offence under article 347 of the criminal code of Belarus” . — said Vadim Koshman.
According to the head of the center for the history of pre-industrial society of the Institute of history of national Academy Olga Levko . to fight illegal excavations extremely difficult: “Statistics on black diggers we can not provide, since we are operating not only the local “enthusiasts”, but also Russians, Ukrainians, Balts. These people are equipped with excellent equipment, they have SUVs, they are mobile and hard to pin down. Continue reading