In South-East Asia for the first time have found the oldest remains of modern humans
The researchers found in Asia, new remains of human ancestors, suggesting that our predecessors very quickly settled on the planet and Asia was one of the first places where you headed migration flows. New remains of skulls of ancient people were found in the so-called “Cave of the monkeys” in Laos.
It is known that anatomically modern humans emerged about 200,000 years ago in Africa, but when and how they settled the planet, remains unclear. Archaeological evidence and genetic evidence indicates that the ancestors of the people fast enough to move out of Africa and in South Asia they were already about 60 000 years ago. However, in South Asia, which experts believe was first inhabited, the remains of that period is almost gone. Partly because of the warm and humid climate, which destroyed them.
This time, however, specialists found such remains in the Lao “monkey Cave”, located in the Northern part of the country. For the first time about the anthropological value of the cave began back in 2009, when there were found the first remains. But now experts have found almost complete set of skeletal remains for analysis.
The cave itself is at a height of 1170 meters above sea level and surrounded by dense thickets of banana trees. “The cave is located just 240 km from the capital of Laos, but getting there is extremely difficult because of dense forests and difficult terrain. Even harder was transported to the cave, generator and lighting,” says Laura Lynn Shackelford, paleoanthropology from the University of Illinois.
She also notes that in the cave there was found no everyday objects, traces of a fire or armed only with bone remains, which suggests about the use of caves as places of burial.
The age of the remains, the researchers evaluate in different ways, but most experts agree that age is 43-51 thousand years, making them the oldest remains of modern humans in the Eastern part of the Middle East. “Usually, it is believed that modern humans were on the coast of India to South East Asia, and then moved to Indonesia and Australia. We tend to agree with this, but also believe that the migration process was an offshoot that went to the North, in modern China. One way or another, but we had never before found ancient remains of modern humans in Laos, Vietnam or Thailand,” says Shackelford.