The USA returned to the Thailand archaeological finds of the bronze age
The list of items consists of 83 artifacts Dating from 1,5 to 5 thousand years that occur from the area of Ban Chiang the province of Udon Thani in northeast Thailand, where archaeologists for several decades already excavated settlements of this historical period.
International Museum of California in San Diego returned to Thailand donated by private persons the collection of archeological findings, previously illegally exported from the country, said on Tuesday the newspaper “Khao SOT”.
The 83 subject of the age from 1,5 to 5 thousand years come from the area of Ban Chiang the province of Udon Thani in northeast Thailand, where archaeologists for several decades already excavated settlements of this historical period, the report said.
Among the returned artifacts pottery fragments, bronze axes, bronze jewelry: bracelets, earrings, temporal rings and rings, clarifies the issue. Only in the USA over the last 30 years were taken over 500 finds from Ban Cienga, where the local population began to gather findings that came to the surface during agricultural work, even before there arrived the first archaeological expedition. Most of the illegally exported from Thailand artifacts currently in the possession of several museums in the United States.
The returned collection torzhestvennoe the leadership of the National Museum of Thailand Minister Counsellor of the U.S. Embassy in Bangkok Patrick Murphy, said in a statement.
The return of findings Thailand has been the result of years of investigation, during which it became clear that a group of American citizens smuggled the artifacts out of Thailand and then sold to businessmen, who wanted to get under American law the tax incentives associated with voluntary donations of valuable artifacts to the Museum.
The first batch of finds, more than 200 units, was transferred to Thailand in 2014, when the attorney-General (Minister of justice), the U.S. freed museums from liability for acceptance as donations illegally imported into the U.S. of artifacts.
The archaeological site of Ban Chiang included in the list of world heritage sites by UNESCO. In science there is an opinion that it is in the Ban Change for the first time in the world about five thousand years ago was born the rice.