The last days of Pompeii: Italian scientists scanned the remains of the victims of the disaster
The researchers from Italy used sophisticated scanners to check the status of the remains of victims of the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 ad, the inhabitants of Pompeii. Multi-layer scanning showed very interesting results. For example, the fact that the victims were just great teeth. In addition, most people died not from suffocation, but because of head injuries.
The analysis is part of a larger project involving archaeologists, it professionals, orthodontists, radiologists. The remains of the victims of the eruption of Vesuvius covered with plaster in the 19th century for the preservation of human remains and capable of transporting them. But the cast made it impossible to study the remains, the layer is too thick for a regular examination. The fact that archaeologists of the 19th century unearthed the city, and found voids in the strata of volcanic ash that were previously occupied the bodies of humans and animals. These voids (inside which are preserved the skeletons of the dead) were filled with plaster, and then uncovered. In summary, the researchers managed to obtain a very realistic casts of human bodies, complete in every detail.
It was therefore decided to use modern technology, namely scanners that can perform layer-by-layer scanning of objects (a total of 16 layers).
Researchers believe that the inhabitants of the ancient city had no dental problems as the food people of that era did not contain large amounts of sugars. The inhabitants ate a lot of fruits and vegetables. Plus, in the air and the water at Vesuvius — the high content of fluorine, which also contributed to the preservation of the teeth.
Most likely, the majority of residents have died due to a head injury on the ground during the eruption dropped many stones, both small and huge boulders. To protect against such a danger, according to ancient authors, the inhabitants of Pompeii used pillows, which, of course, helped not too good. And were suffocated — especially those people who remained in their home.
Now in the hands of researchers is 89 remains, scan which can clarify not only the characteristics of the eruption, but many of the facts of life people of that era. What did they eat, what is the average age, what diseases they were hit? This is all very interesting, this information, if I may say so, the expected decoding many hundreds of years.