Scientific Museum of FEFU, Vladivostok
The Museum of archaeology and Ethnography has a collection of archaeological and ethnographic objects, which has more than 300 thousand units. All of them are the result of over thirty years of field research University archaeologists and ethnographers in the region. In the exhibition hall, visitors can see the history of the development of the Primorie territory from the Paleolithic to the middle ages, and world archaeological sites.
The funds include the largest in the far East upper Palaeolithic collections. Among them are the reference materials of monuments of the upper Paleolithic in the Northern hemisphere – Ustinovka and Suvorovo. In the stands-showcases Paleolithic is represented not only by stone tools and household items, but also reproduced in detail the technology of manufacturing these items. Here are the stands that tell about archaeology as a science and are introduced to archaeological monuments located on the territory of the region.
Artifacts of the Neolithic period are the references for the study of ancient history in the chronological span between 7,5 and 2 thousand years ago. Of special interest unique to the Pacific Neolithic objects baymanskaya culture (Bay of Boisman) and human remains that time. Baymanskaya Neolithic culture is remarkable in that our days there were the skeletons of people and objects made of bone an age of 6,000 years. the Preservation of the bones is due to the fact that these items were in shell-bearing pile – the remains of the shells of mollusks.
Widely presents ceramics of the bronze, early iron age and early middle ages. Special attention deserves the receptacle with wide body and narrow neck, made on the Potter’s wheel. Age of vessel 2000 years. On the archeological stands of the exhibition hall presents everyday objects, weapons culture Mohe, Bohai, Jurjen.
Ethnographic collection consists of things that reflect
the population of Primorye – the Udege, Russian immigrants of the end XIX – early XX century is Presented the equipment and clothing of the hunter-the Udege. Great interest among visitors is the attire of a shaman cult objects. Wonderful content collection of savenow – ritual figurines of people, Udege.
Unique Oriental collection of the Museum. It contains things that will be of interest to ethnographers of the region of Eastern Manchuria, where mixed national traditions of Koreans, Chinese, Manchus and the small peoples of the Far East. Some ethnographic exhibits have no analogues in Siberia and the far East – firearms of the nineteenth century from China, samurai armor of the XVI century clothing and artifacts of indigenous peoples of Primorsky Krai. Collections of archaeological and ethnographic objects through permanent exhibitions and the exhibition are available as a reference for educational and scientific purposes and for a wide range of the population.