The prosthetic leg was discovered in ancient Chinese tomb
In Turpan (China ) archaeologists have discovered a 2,200-year-old remains of a man with a deformed knee joint, the leg to which was tied a prosthesis with a foot of horse hooves.
In addition to men in the grave were the remains of a young woman buried later.
In a report published in the journal Chinese archaeology, States that during the excavations were found the remains of a man with a deformed left leg – patella, bones of the femur and tibia fused together and fixed at an angle of 80 degrees. Such deformation does not straighten the leg, making nevozmozhnosti. For a man to be able to walk normally and ride him made the prosthesis, at the end of which was fixed a horse’s hoof, which served as feet. The prosthesis is made of poplar, on its sides are drilled seven holes, in which were inserted the straps to secure him in the leg. The upper part of the prosthesis is worn out, which suggests that it was used almost constantly.
The prosthesis from the tomb in Turpan. Credit: Images courtesy Chinese Archaeology
Radiocarbon Dating determines the age of the graves in Turpan in 2200 years. The only prosthesis of the same era, made of bronze, was found in Capua (Italy), but was destroyed during the bombing during the Second World war. In Egypt still find wooden prosthetic fingers.
As for the men, who wore a prosthetic arm, his height was about 1.7 m and he died at the age of 50-65 years. The cause of the deformation of the knee joints could be internal inflammation, rheumatism or injury. Analysis of skeletal remains showed that the man had tuberculosis, which also could cause fusion of the knee. Apparently the man was not rich because he was buried with very poor belongings – pottery, wooden plates and bows. After he was buried, the grave was again opened and over threw the body of a young woman. To determine how connected were buried a man and a woman is not possible.
Plan of graves in Turpan. Credit: Images courtesy Chinese Archaeology. On the plan: 1. ceramic jug with two handles. 2 and 3. ceramic cups with one handle. 4. A wooden plate. 5 and 6. the wooden bows. 7. fragments of wood. 8. wooden prosthesis.
According to archeologists the cemetery, was found in Turpan, are buried the representatives of the tribe a result, gushi (accent on the last syllable). Science little is known about these people, in some Chinese Chronicles mention of a result, gushi as a small country, the former one of thirty-six Eastern States in the Empire of the Qin and Han. China has included in its composition a result, gushi in the 1st century BC