The skeleton of a boy from the Hermitage revealed the mystery of the American Indian
An international group of researchers, including Russian geneticists have studied DNA from the skeleton of a boy who lived in Siberia some 24 thousand years ago. The analysis of genetic information revealed that the modern Indians of North America carrying up to 38 percent of genes from the peoples of Europe long before Columbus. Details with reference to the article in Nature cites the University of Texas A&M.
Scientific publication signed by more than thirty experts from Britain, Denmark, Russia, USA and Sweden. Researchers analyzed DNA extracted from stored in the Hermitage of the skeleton of the boy who lived on the territory of the modern Irkutsk region. The remains of the child of the deceased aged about four years, and was buried about 24 thousand years ago, were found in the late 1920-ies, when excavations of Paleolithic Parking of Malta and since then has been stored in the Museum. The researchers emphasize that today it is the most ancient remains of modern humans, of which was able to extract DNA sufficient for analysis quantity.
Scientists were able to establish that the boy’s DNA is largely DNA of modern Indians of North America. The analysis showed that the Indians could inherit from 14 to 38 percent of genes from the tribesmen of the child. The exact timing of the relocation to America of the first men, the authors find it difficult to install, however, the new publication, according to them,but rather shifts this event in the past compared to archaeological data (no earlier than 14,5 thousand years).
A key role in the work was played by the definition of mitochondrial DNA. Genetics took the boy to mtDNA haplogroup U, which is characteristic for the people of Europe Paleolithic times. In addition, scientists have identified a Y chromosome, which was typical for the inhabitants of the Western part of the Eurasian continent. Previously found in the genome of the American Indians “Western European” genes considered the legacy of Columbus who came after the colonialists. New evidence suggests that they were in the DNA of Indians long before the Europeans crossing the Atlantic ocean.