Order, later the Royal castle was founded in 1255 by the Bohemian king Ottokar II Przemysl. To the XIV century, the castle consisted of a house of the convent, separated from the outer ward by an inner moat, and defended by four walls with towers, and the outer moat.
From 1457 the castle became the residence of the Grand master of the German order. In 1579-1594 G. G. – construction of the Western wing of the castle with the Church and hall Muscovites. In 1697 the castle take Great Embassy of Peter I. in 1701 – in the castle Church the coronation of the first Prussian king Frederick I. In the period from 1758 till 1762 during the Seven years ‘ war, the castle became the residence of Russian governors, including the Governor-General Vasily Suvorov. In the winter of 1760 – 1761, stay in the castle of Alexander Suvorov.
In 1807, during the Napoleonic period the company stay in the castle of Napoleon Bonaparte, and later Alexander II.
Since 1925 the castle accommodation in the East Prussian provincial Museum, later the Museum “Prussia”. The Museum had unique collections of archaeology, Ethnography, works of königsberg artisans, religious art. There was also an archive, library, art gallery. Continue reading
In the archaeological Museum of Tigranakert in Nagorno Karabakh opened the exhibition of artifacts discovered during the excavation of a barrow near the village of nor Haykajour Markerscase district.
The exhibition features more than 30 exhibits, Dating from the ninth-eighth centuries BC: ceramic vessels, jewelry, bronze parts of a belt, gold jewelry in the form of animals, detail of the tomb, the iron weapon, the wooden parts of the staff, the correspondent of the “Caucasian knot”.
Part of the findings is being reviewed in Armenia, because the exact numbers will be known after all laboratory examinations, told the correspondent of “Caucasian knot” in the Department of tourism and historical environment protection of the Ministry of economy of Nagorno-Karabakh.
For excavations to State service of protection of the historic environment has invited archaeologists from Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia. The expedition included four archaeologist and a research group of seven experts, told the “Caucasian knot” at the Ministry of economy of the unrecognized Republic. Continue reading
The research team of paleontologists of the Berlin Museum of natural history, brown University and new York University Oswego showed that the unique regenerative ability of modern salamanders, most likely, was a feature of ancient four-legged vertebrates, lost in the course of evolution.
Salamanders have the amazing ability to restore damaged or lost limbs and internal organs. The controlling feature high regenerative mechanisms are the center of attention of a large number of biologists. They do not lose hope once to apply the received knowledge in the field of medicine.
However, regeneration is not the only thing that interests the scientific community. So, salamanders develop their hind legs in the embryo that distinguishes it from all other four-legged creatures.
“Their fingers are formed in reverse order compared to other four-legged vertebrates. It remains a mystery for over a hundred years. We are very interested in, as a way of evolutionary development of the limbs is associated with high regenerative capabilities,” says Dr. Trubish Nadia (Nadia Fröbisch), the author of the study. Continue reading