If paleontologists find a steep slope, folded sedimentary rocks, full of fossils, what they can say about their interaction?
Rocks, forming in some places, differ substantially from the others. Their specific characteristics are called sedimentary facies. It happens today, just like millions of years ago. Rocks at different sites can have very different composition, even if their accumulation occurred in the same period of time. The same applies to those included in them the petrified spines.
Fossils in some places is often very different from that of fossils in other places due to the environmental conditions in which the sediments. Just like ocean fish, shellfish, and mammals that live at different depths, the fossils found in various sedimentary deposits of ancient seas, characteristic of the marine environment. The stratigraphic arrangement of the sedimentary rock often shows the species and a sediment gradient. Because ultimately everything falls to the bottom and covered by sediment, even species that lived at a great distance from each other (in depth), can be close to each other in the layer of sedimentary rocks. Continue reading
Archaeologist – a scientist who has been studying the past of mankind on the material sources, engaged in archaeology (archeo (archios) – and ancient Greek. lygos is the word, the doctrine).
Archaeology is a historical discipline, studying the material sources of historical past of mankind.
Material sources are tools of production and established with their help, material goods: buildings, weapons, jewelry, dishes, artwork — everything is a result of employment rights. Material sources, unlike writing, does not contain a direct narrative of historical events, and based on these historical findings are the result of scientific reconstruction. Considerable originality of material sources has necessitated the study of their experts-archaeologists, who excavate archaeological sites, investigate and publish findings and results of the excavations, restore that data on the historical past of mankind. A special value of archaeology is to study the eras when there was more writing in General, or the history of those peoples, whose writing was not in later historic times. Continue reading
The militants of the terrorist group “Islamic state” began on Sunday to demolish the ruins of the ancient Assyrian city of Dur Sharrukin, located in the town with the modern name of Khorsabad (15 km North-East of Mosul) in Northern Iraq.
As reported by RT. Iraqi authorities are currently studying the new act of vandalism by extremists.
Their concerns expressed in particular by the Minister of tourism of Iraq Adel Fahd al-Sarab. He noted that the militants can plunder the archaeological monuments and bulldoze the site, as was done with the other ruins of the Assyrian city of Nimrud, with a history spanning three thousand years. “I urge the international community and the coalition to activate its air strikes against terrorist groups, wherever they were,” said the Minister.
On Saturday the Islamists destroyed the archaeological remains of the Parthian city of Hatra, located in the province of Ninawa. The city, founded in the II century BC the Seleucid Empire, was captured by radicals in July last year. According to sources, for the destruction of the city, a UNESCO world heritage site, the militants used bulldozers. Continue reading