Archaeologist – a scientist who has been studying the past of mankind on the material sources, engaged in archaeology (archeo (archios) – and ancient Greek. lygos is the word, the doctrine).
Archaeology is a historical discipline, studying the material sources of historical past of mankind.
Material sources are tools of production and established with their help, material goods: buildings, weapons, jewelry, dishes, artwork — everything is a result of employment rights. Material sources, unlike writing, does not contain a direct narrative of historical events, and based on these historical findings are the result of scientific reconstruction. Considerable originality of material sources has necessitated the study of their experts-archaeologists, who excavate archaeological sites, investigate and publish findings and results of the excavations, restore that data on the historical past of mankind. A special value of archaeology is to study the eras when there was more writing in General, or the history of those peoples, whose writing was not in later historic times. Continue reading
As reported by portal newsru.co.il, in the course of excavations at the construction site of the highway in the district of Shuafat in Northern Jerusalem were discovered traces of ancient settlements. Specialists of the Department of antiquities dated to the copper age, that is, people lived there 7,000 years ago.
Discovered the ruins of two buildings and a distinctive basalt and ceramic dishes, metal utensils. According to the excavators, the houses are built very thoroughly and their condition constantly watched.
Scientists say that this is the oldest settlement in the municipal boundaries of the Israeli capital. Previously so ancient settlements were found only in the Negev, the coastal strip and in the North of Israel.
“Such discoveries in Jerusalem and the Judean hills was not. We found traces of human presence Chalcolithic in Abu Ghosh, the site of complex “Holyland” and in the valley and ELA, but nothing significant was detected”, – says the head of the history Department of antiquities Dr. OMRI Barzilai.
“There is no doubt that the territory of Jerusalem there was a prosperous settlement. Such construction quality to be envied now. Findings indicate a developed crafts. Found sickles for the harvest, the axes of builders and even beads”, – said the head of excavations Ronit Lupo. Continue reading
The list of items consists of 83 artifacts Dating from 1,5 to 5 thousand years that occur from the area of Ban Chiang the province of Udon Thani in northeast Thailand, where archaeologists for several decades already excavated settlements of this historical period.
International Museum of California in San Diego returned to Thailand donated by private persons the collection of archeological findings, previously illegally exported from the country, said on Tuesday the newspaper “Khao SOT”.
The 83 subject of the age from 1,5 to 5 thousand years come from the area of Ban Chiang the province of Udon Thani in northeast Thailand, where archaeologists for several decades already excavated settlements of this historical period, the report said.
Among the returned artifacts pottery fragments, bronze axes, bronze jewelry: bracelets, earrings, temporal rings and rings, clarifies the issue. Only in the USA over the last 30 years were taken over 500 finds from Ban Cienga, where the local population began to gather findings that came to the surface during agricultural work, even before there arrived the first archaeological expedition. Most of the illegally exported from Thailand artifacts currently in the possession of several museums in the United States. Continue reading