Larnaca which we know now wasn’t always Larnaca. Around the 12th century BC there was built the important ancient city-Kingdom of Kition. Kition was one of the centres of Phoenician and Mycenaean civilizations. The Mycenaean Greeks had built a huge wall and the complex of five temple, including the temple of the goddess of fertility Estate. After leaving Kition, the Mycenaeans went into decline and then revived with the arrival of Phoenicians on the island. The Phoenicians brought with them a developed craft, Maritime Commerce and their rich culture. Entire trading ships began to arrive in the harbour of Kition with the goods and leave with copper. After several centuries of reign island was conquered first the Persians and then Alexander the great himself.
In the 7th century Kition was almost destroyed by the raids of Arabs. And with the arrival of merchants from Genoa city was again transformed. Since the purpose of merchants was the extraction of salt from Salt lakes Kition was renamed Salina . But the name Larnaca, the town got during the reign of the Ottoman Empire. Larnaca in Greek means “tomb”. Continue reading
Scientists were convinced of the correctness of Strabo: a few birds that approached the “gates of hell”, was killed in front of them
A portal leading to the realm of the dead or the gates of Pluto, who in Roman mythology was the ruler of the underworld, managed to find Italian archaeologists, reports Discovery. About the discovery, archaeologists announced in March at a conference held in Istanbul. According to scientists, the discovery was made during excavations of the ruins of Hierapolis, an ancient Phrygian city, located in southwestern Turkey.
Excavations were carried out by a team of archaeologists under the leadership of Salento, Francesco d ‘ Andria, a Professor of classical archaeology. He said that “the gates of hell”, archaeologists were able to detect, reconstructed the route of a thermal spring.
Ancient people believed the gate of Pluto entering the realm of the dead. They described this place as a mysterious cave, which was filled with poisonous air. And its size was big enough to through cordoned-off entrance there could get. “This space is completely filled with a dense fog, because of which it is impossible to see the ground. Continue reading
Mastering the most ancient part of Zaryadye commenced earlier than XIII century, and it is there now focused the interest of archaeologists, who recovered from under the bushel layers of all known eras artifacts give reason to confirm or obroski for different failure hypotheses. For example, the fact that the actual Moscow considerably exceeds the time that has passed since its first mention in Chronicles. Finishing the current season of excavation under the open sky, scientists from the cohort of “the science of shards” have something to brag about.
In the area, told the press expert Konstantin Voronin, “the density of finds are extremely high – about a dozen of individual items per square meter of excavation”. And the most impressive in size was a wooden bridge of the XVII century, found to the East, and marked the route “known to historical plans curve lane”. Swedish coin,fragments of the score and wrote to prove that a convenient place for mooring boats has become a brisk trade area with benches changed and even the possibility of accounting for and control of imported because tridevyat land products. Continue reading