Larnaca which we know now wasn’t always Larnaca. Around the 12th century BC there was built the important ancient city-Kingdom of Kition. Kition was one of the centres of Phoenician and Mycenaean civilizations. The Mycenaean Greeks had built a huge wall and the complex of five temple, including the temple of the goddess of fertility Estate. After leaving Kition, the Mycenaeans went into decline and then revived with the arrival of Phoenicians on the island. The Phoenicians brought with them a developed craft, Maritime Commerce and their rich culture. Entire trading ships began to arrive in the harbour of Kition with the goods and leave with copper. After several centuries of reign island was conquered first the Persians and then Alexander the great himself.
In the 7th century Kition was almost destroyed by the raids of Arabs. And with the arrival of merchants from Genoa city was again transformed. Since the purpose of merchants was the extraction of salt from Salt lakes Kition was renamed Salina . But the name Larnaca, the town got during the reign of the Ottoman Empire. Larnaca in Greek means “tomb”. Continue reading
Archaeologist – a scientist who has been studying the past of mankind on the material sources, engaged in archaeology (archeo (archios) – and ancient Greek. lygos is the word, the doctrine).
Archaeology is a historical discipline, studying the material sources of historical past of mankind.
Material sources are tools of production and established with their help, material goods: buildings, weapons, jewelry, dishes, artwork — everything is a result of employment rights. Material sources, unlike writing, does not contain a direct narrative of historical events, and based on these historical findings are the result of scientific reconstruction. Considerable originality of material sources has necessitated the study of their experts-archaeologists, who excavate archaeological sites, investigate and publish findings and results of the excavations, restore that data on the historical past of mankind. A special value of archaeology is to study the eras when there was more writing in General, or the history of those peoples, whose writing was not in later historic times. Continue reading
The militants of the terrorist group “Islamic state” began on Sunday to demolish the ruins of the ancient Assyrian city of Dur Sharrukin, located in the town with the modern name of Khorsabad (15 km North-East of Mosul) in Northern Iraq.
As reported by RT. Iraqi authorities are currently studying the new act of vandalism by extremists.
Their concerns expressed in particular by the Minister of tourism of Iraq Adel Fahd al-Sarab. He noted that the militants can plunder the archaeological monuments and bulldoze the site, as was done with the other ruins of the Assyrian city of Nimrud, with a history spanning three thousand years. “I urge the international community and the coalition to activate its air strikes against terrorist groups, wherever they were,” said the Minister.
On Saturday the Islamists destroyed the archaeological remains of the Parthian city of Hatra, located in the province of Ninawa. The city, founded in the II century BC the Seleucid Empire, was captured by radicals in July last year. According to sources, for the destruction of the city, a UNESCO world heritage site, the militants used bulldozers. Continue reading