Larnaca which we know now wasn’t always Larnaca. Around the 12th century BC there was built the important ancient city-Kingdom of Kition. Kition was one of the centres of Phoenician and Mycenaean civilizations. The Mycenaean Greeks had built a huge wall and the complex of five temple, including the temple of the goddess of fertility Estate. After leaving Kition, the Mycenaeans went into decline and then revived with the arrival of Phoenicians on the island. The Phoenicians brought with them a developed craft, Maritime Commerce and their rich culture. Entire trading ships began to arrive in the harbour of Kition with the goods and leave with copper. After several centuries of reign island was conquered first the Persians and then Alexander the great himself.
In the 7th century Kition was almost destroyed by the raids of Arabs. And with the arrival of merchants from Genoa city was again transformed. Since the purpose of merchants was the extraction of salt from Salt lakes Kition was renamed Salina . But the name Larnaca, the town got during the reign of the Ottoman Empire. Larnaca in Greek means “tomb”. Continue reading
Scientists were convinced of the correctness of Strabo: a few birds that approached the “gates of hell”, was killed in front of them
A portal leading to the realm of the dead or the gates of Pluto, who in Roman mythology was the ruler of the underworld, managed to find Italian archaeologists, reports Discovery. About the discovery, archaeologists announced in March at a conference held in Istanbul. According to scientists, the discovery was made during excavations of the ruins of Hierapolis, an ancient Phrygian city, located in southwestern Turkey.
Excavations were carried out by a team of archaeologists under the leadership of Salento, Francesco d ‘ Andria, a Professor of classical archaeology. He said that “the gates of hell”, archaeologists were able to detect, reconstructed the route of a thermal spring.
Ancient people believed the gate of Pluto entering the realm of the dead. They described this place as a mysterious cave, which was filled with poisonous air. And its size was big enough to through cordoned-off entrance there could get. “This space is completely filled with a dense fog, because of which it is impossible to see the ground. Continue reading
Sand hills of the West Bank Aswan is strewn with rock tombs, where the buried officials of high status, the Ancient and Middle kingdoms. On top of the hill is the domed mausoleum of the Muslim prophet, whose name gave the name to the place, Qubbet el-Hawa, or “Dome of the Winds”.
A steep ascent of stone steps leads to the upper level of the cemetery, where there are about 6 or 7 tombs open to visitors. Excursions usually start from the southern part of the upper level, where you can see the most interesting of them.
These ancient burial places carved out of stone, although not as well preserved as in Luxor or Cairo, but quite interesting. They are excellent examples of texts written in hieroglyphs. In the text that they contain, is informed about a career its owners; they are also scenes from everyday life. Many of the tombs are linked; this is because one was added other cameras for relatives.
In the tomb 25/26 buried father and son, who were Caretakers in Upper Egypt in dynasty VI during the reign of Pepi II. The tomb is carved in the old Kingdom style, with a small obelisk at the entrance. Continue reading