Larnaca which we know now wasn’t always Larnaca. Around the 12th century BC there was built the important ancient city-Kingdom of Kition. Kition was one of the centres of Phoenician and Mycenaean civilizations. The Mycenaean Greeks had built a huge wall and the complex of five temple, including the temple of the goddess of fertility Estate. After leaving Kition, the Mycenaeans went into decline and then revived with the arrival of Phoenicians on the island. The Phoenicians brought with them a developed craft, Maritime Commerce and their rich culture. Entire trading ships began to arrive in the harbour of Kition with the goods and leave with copper. After several centuries of reign island was conquered first the Persians and then Alexander the great himself.
In the 7th century Kition was almost destroyed by the raids of Arabs. And with the arrival of merchants from Genoa city was again transformed. Since the purpose of merchants was the extraction of salt from Salt lakes Kition was renamed Salina . But the name Larnaca, the town got during the reign of the Ottoman Empire. Larnaca in Greek means “tomb”. Continue reading
As reported by portal newsru.co.il, in the course of excavations at the construction site of the highway in the district of Shuafat in Northern Jerusalem were discovered traces of ancient settlements. Specialists of the Department of antiquities dated to the copper age, that is, people lived there 7,000 years ago.
Discovered the ruins of two buildings and a distinctive basalt and ceramic dishes, metal utensils. According to the excavators, the houses are built very thoroughly and their condition constantly watched.
Scientists say that this is the oldest settlement in the municipal boundaries of the Israeli capital. Previously so ancient settlements were found only in the Negev, the coastal strip and in the North of Israel.
“Such discoveries in Jerusalem and the Judean hills was not. We found traces of human presence Chalcolithic in Abu Ghosh, the site of complex “Holyland” and in the valley and ELA, but nothing significant was detected”, – says the head of the history Department of antiquities Dr. OMRI Barzilai.
“There is no doubt that the territory of Jerusalem there was a prosperous settlement. Such construction quality to be envied now. Findings indicate a developed crafts. Found sickles for the harvest, the axes of builders and even beads”, – said the head of excavations Ronit Lupo. Continue reading
The Swedish Minister showed archaeological finds at the site of the St. Petersburg “Okhta-the centre”
Saint-Petersburg. October 28, 2008. 18:07 — REGNUM, the Minister of foreign Affairs of Sweden Carl Bildt on October 28, inspected the territory of the planned construction of social and business district “Okhta-the centre” in St. Petersburg. As news Agency REGNUM in the press service of JSC ” Gazprom Neft “, the representatives of the company implementing the project, told the guests about the preparations for the construction, in which are conducted extensive archaeological research on the territory of the ancient fortress of Nyenskans.
Carl Bildt stated that it appreciated the importance of research, as it is at Okhta, on the territory of the ancient fortress of Nyenskans intertwined history of Russia and Sweden. He also expressed the hope that in the future, when the creation of the archaeological Museum in the framework of the project “Okhta-the centre” will have more opportunities to explore the history of settlements of the pre-Petrine time on the territory of St. Petersburg. Continue reading