Larnaca which we know now wasn’t always Larnaca. Around the 12th century BC there was built the important ancient city-Kingdom of Kition. Kition was one of the centres of Phoenician and Mycenaean civilizations. The Mycenaean Greeks had built a huge wall and the complex of five temple, including the temple of the goddess of fertility Estate. After leaving Kition, the Mycenaeans went into decline and then revived with the arrival of Phoenicians on the island. The Phoenicians brought with them a developed craft, Maritime Commerce and their rich culture. Entire trading ships began to arrive in the harbour of Kition with the goods and leave with copper. After several centuries of reign island was conquered first the Persians and then Alexander the great himself.
In the 7th century Kition was almost destroyed by the raids of Arabs. And with the arrival of merchants from Genoa city was again transformed. Since the purpose of merchants was the extraction of salt from Salt lakes Kition was renamed Salina . But the name Larnaca, the town got during the reign of the Ottoman Empire. Larnaca in Greek means “tomb”. Continue reading
In the Foundation of the Abkhazian state Museum received men’s leather saddle with silver decorations.
In the Foundation of the Abkhazian state Museum has acquired a unique artifact, men’s leather saddle with silver decorations, made in 1907, reported head of the Department of Ethnology of the Abkhaz state Museum Bella Ketsba.
An employee of the Museum said that the artifact was acquired by the Ministry of culture from a resident of the village of kutol, Kagawa Leonid.
According to her, unique mens saddle is in complete and perfect condition.
“We are grateful to the Ministry of culture and protection of historical and cultural heritage, helping to purchase this valuable thing. We have a lot of saddles, but in this set, in this collection this is the first acquisition. It’s leather, together with it about 200 different silver jewelry. It is difficult to find artifacts of special importance in the complete set. This is the first instance that he in perfect condition,” said Ketsba. Continue reading
Mastering the most ancient part of Zaryadye commenced earlier than XIII century, and it is there now focused the interest of archaeologists, who recovered from under the bushel layers of all known eras artifacts give reason to confirm or obroski for different failure hypotheses. For example, the fact that the actual Moscow considerably exceeds the time that has passed since its first mention in Chronicles. Finishing the current season of excavation under the open sky, scientists from the cohort of “the science of shards” have something to brag about.
In the area, told the press expert Konstantin Voronin, “the density of finds are extremely high – about a dozen of individual items per square meter of excavation”. And the most impressive in size was a wooden bridge of the XVII century, found to the East, and marked the route “known to historical plans curve lane”. Swedish coin,fragments of the score and wrote to prove that a convenient place for mooring boats has become a brisk trade area with benches changed and even the possibility of accounting for and control of imported because tridevyat land products. Continue reading